The East African Medical Journal has published three new articles by the Transformative Innovation Africa Hub (TIAH). These publications examine the critical issue of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Kenya. AMR occurs when microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites are no longer affected by antimicrobial treatments such as antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, and antiparasitics. This resistance makes infections harder to treat, increases the risk of disease spread, severe illness, and death, and renders medicines ineffective, increasing the risk to others.  

AMR is a global health crisis that threatens the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 3, which aims to promote the health and well-being of all people. The articles focus on the importance of AMR prevention and healthcare innovation within Kenya’s healthcare system.  

Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) initiatives are essential to mitigate AMR. The effective implementation of AMS programs can enhance treatment outcomes, decrease over-the-counter antibiotic use, and reduce healthcare expenditures.  

These publications detail the implementation of AMS initiatives in selected Kenyan hospitals, before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, using a combined approach of Transformative Innovation Policy (TIP) research and Basic Science research.  

The TIP approach aimed to evaluate the implementation of AMS initiatives by incorporating data collection through interviews and workshops with healthcare professionals from the county department of health and hospital administration. The Basic Science Approach employed health system assessment tools such as national, county and healthcare facility assessment tools, laboratory assessment tools, and questionnaires customised through the TIP lens.  

The articles focus on the progress made in implementing AMS initiatives in Kenyan hospitals. But they also highlight the need for data-driven policies, adequate funding, and training opportunities to strengthen AMS programs. In addition, collaboration among hospitals, county health agencies and healthcare providers is crucial to promote antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.  

To read more, access the full publications below: 

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Transformative Innovation Africa Hub (TIAH)

The Transformative Innovation African Hub (TIAH) is based at the Future Africa Campus, University of Pretoria, South Africa. TIAH brings together a network of Africa’s science, technology and innovation (STI) ministries and agencies, funders and organisations committed to transformative innovation...